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Epilepsy information

by Skillnet Group, Kent UK

What causes epilepsy?

Billions of tiny cells make up our brains. These cells transfer information from our brain to our thoughts, emotions, actions, actions and feelings. If someone has a short disruption to the brain it is called a seizure.

These disruptions to the brain can be caused for different reasons. Some of the reasons are not even known! Some of the reasons include:

How can epilepsy be treated?

Taking medication

Everyone that has epilepsy is different and will have different experiences. Most people will take anti-epileptic drugs (AED's) to stop or reduce the amount of seizures. AED's are not used to treat someone who is having a seizure.

Even though there are lots of types of treatments for different types of epilepsy, some people might not get in control of their epilepsy.

Facts about epilepsy

Types of epilepsy

There are lots of types of epileptic seizure.

Generalised seizures

Generalised epileptic seizures affect the whole of the brain. There are different types of generalised seizures:

Tonic clonic epileptic seizure (this used to be called the Grand Mal seizure)
Tonic epileptic seizure
Atonic epileptic seizure
How can I help someone have a generalised epileptic sizure?

Things to do

Yes (tick)

What to do after the seizure has finished

Things not to do

No (cross)

Absence seizure (this used to be called the Peti Mal seizure)

This type of epileptic seizure:

Myoclonic seizure

Partial/focal seizure

These seizures affect one small part of the brain

Simple partial seizure
Complex partial seizure

Status epilepticus

When do I call emergency medical help?

Call for help ...

About this article

The Skillnet Group has written this easy to read article about epilepsy, the causes and types of epilepsy and what you should do if someone has epilepsy, in the hope of raising awareness and understanding about epileptic seizures.

Skillnet provide services for people with learning disabilities in Kent. If you have any questions or would like more details about this article, please email support@skillnetgroup.co.uk or visit the Skillnet website.

Published: March 2006

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